Facial expressions of emotion are universal, not learned differently in each culture
Darwin in his great 1872 book, “The Expression of Emotions in Man and Animals” puts forth that a specific set of six universal emotions, namely:
- anger and fear,
- surprise and disgust,
- joy and sadness
“The language of the emotions” as he terms these facial expressions and body language, are considered to be the result of natural selection and the process of evolution, and shared across cultures and civilizations, ingrained in our genetic makeup.
First Aron interviewed thirty-nine people who described themselves as being either introverted or easily overwhelmed by stimulation. She asked them ...
It is necessary here to insist once more that in Magellan audacity, boldness, invariably assumed a peculiar complexion. To act boldly did not, in his case, mean to act on the heat of impulse, but to lay his plans craftily, to do the dangerous thing with the utmost caution and after most careful calculation. His most venturesome schemes were, like good steel, forged in fire and then hardened in ice. It was by this mixture of imagination and caution that, again and again, he triumphed in moments of danger. His plan was instantly formed, and the brief time before it ...
[Steve jobs, 1981, pitching the first Macintosh]
" This is a 21st century bicycle for your mind. "
As ever, the accountant in me saw the risk, the entrepreneur saw the possibility.