[Fundamental attribution error] We over-emphasize personality-based explanations and under-emphasize situational explanations
The fundamental attribution error is our tendency to explain someone's behavior based on internal factors, such as personality or disposition - hence emphasize the person’s internal characteristics – over the external factors.
People have a cognitive bias to assume that a person's actions depend on what “kind” of they are rather than on the social and environmental forces. We see others as responsible for their behavior when bad things happen to them. We blame them for their personality instead of weighting situational influences which lead them to be in such unpleasant position.
In fact, what we really do is harshly judging them with no rationalization.
[This is not the original wording from the author]
The layperson's social understanding, we suggest, rests on three related convictions about the relation between his or her subjective experience ...
The results (ed. of the study): only 1 percent of the executives said managers should bother showing employees that their work makes a difference. If anything, many companies try to explain the value our work will have in our own lives, the benefits we will reap if we hit a goal, as opposed to the benefit that others will derive.
But remember our biology we are more inspired and motivated when we know we are helping biologically others.
The sensed presence usually happens to individuals who have become isolated in an extreme or unusual environment, often when high ...
If one compares the behaviour of the bird at the top of the pecking list, the despot, with that of one very far down, the second or third from the last, then one finds the latter much more cruel to the few others over whom he lords it than the former in his treatment of all members. As soon as one removes from the group all members above the penultimate, his behaviour becomes milder and may even become very friendly... it is not difficult to find analogies to this in human societies, and therefore one side of such behaviour must be primarily the effects of the social groupings, and not of individual characteristics.
Nobody realizes that some people expend tremendous energy merely to be normal.