[hot hand fallacy] When experiencing a series of positive outcomes for a random event, we tend to predict that future outcomes will also be positive
Basketball players and fans alike tend to believe that a player's chance of hitting a shot are greater following a hit than following a miss on the previous shot. […] However, analyses shooting records provided no evidence for a positive correlation between the outcomes of successive shots. […] The belief in the hot hand and the “detection” of streaks in random sequences is attributed to a general misconception of chance according to which even short random sequences are thought to be highly representative of their generating process.
Nobody realizes that some people expend tremendous energy merely to be normal.
That is the curse of the human race. Sociability.
What Christ should have said was "Yea, verily, whenever two or three of you are gathered together, some other guy is going to get the living shit knocked out of him." Shall I tell you what sociology teaches us about the human race? I'll give it to you in a nutshell.
Show me a man or woman alone and I'll show you a saint. Give me two and they'll fall in love. Give me three and they'll invent the charming thing we call "society." Give me four and they'll build a pyramid. Give me five and they'll make one an outcast Give me six and they'll reinvent prejudice. Give me seven and in seven years they'll reinvent warfare. Man may have been made in the image of God, but human society was made in the image of His opposite number, and is always trying to get back home.
No serious sociologist any longer believes that the voice of the people expresses any divine or specially wise and lofty idea.
The voice of the people expresses the mind of the people, and that mind is made up for it by the group leaders in whom it believes and by those persons who understand the manipulation of public opinion.
It is composed of inherited prejudices and symbols and cliches and verbal formulas supplied to them by the leaders.
If you want to make a difference, the next time you see someone being cruel to another human being, take it personally. Take it personally because it is personal!
The fundamental attribution error is our tendency to explain someone's behavior based on internal factors, such as personality or disposition - hence emphasize the person’s internal characteristics – over the external factors.
People have a cognitive bias to assume that a person's actions depend on what “kind” of they are rather than on the social and environmental forces. We see others as responsible for their behavior when bad things happen to them. We blame them for their personality instead of weighting situational influences which lead them to be in such unpleasant position.
In fact, what we really do is harshly judging them with no rationalization.
[This is not the original wording from the author]