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[Manifest and latent functions and dysfunctions] Each system in society has a specific function that relies on other systems

[Manifest and latent functions and dysfunctions] Each system in society has a specific function that relies on other systems [Manifest and latent functions and dysfunctions] Each system in society has a specific function that relies on other systems
Source : partyonmarz via Giphy
Social Theory and Social Structure
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Social Theory and Social Structure
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Each system in society has a specific function that relies on and is associated to other systems. When these systems function, it leads to social stability. Dysfunction in one or more systems leads to social instability. Both functions and dysfunctions can be latent or manifest.

Functions are those observed consequences which make for the adaptation or adjustment of a given system; and dysfunctions, those observed consequences which lessen the adaptation or adjustment of the system. There is also the empirical possibility of nonfunctional consequences, which are simply irrelevant to the system under consideration.

In any given instance, an item may have both functional and dysfunctional consequences, giving rise to the difficult and important problem of evolving canons for assessing the net balance of the aggregate of consequences. (This is, of course, most important in the use of functional analysis for guiding the formation and enactment of policy.)

The second problem (arising from the easy confusion of motives and functions) requires us to introduce a conceptual distinction between the cases in which the subjective aim-in-view coincides with the objective consequence, and the cases in which they diverge.

Manifest functions are those objective consequences contributing to the adjustment or adaptation of the system which are intended and recognized by participants in the system.

Latent functions, correlatively, being those which are neither intended nor recognized.

Example (5)

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The manifest function of a rain dance, is to produce rain, and this outcome is intended and desired by people participating in the ritual

The latent function reinforces the group identity by providing a regular opportunity for the members of a group to meet and engage in a common activity

By SourceL | 18/05/2020 |

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The “manifest” function of antigambling legislation may be to suppress gambling, its “latent” function to create an illegal empire for the gambling syndicates.

By SourceL | 18/05/2020 |

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Christian missions in parts of Africa “manifestly” tried to convert Africans to Christianity, “latently” helped to destroy the indigenous tribal cultures and this provided an important impetus towards rapid social transformation.

By SourceL | 18/05/2020 |

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The control of the Communist Party over all sectors of social life in Russia “manifestly” was to assure the continued dominance of the revolutionary ethos, “latently” created a new class of comfortable bureaucrats uncannily bourgeois in its aspirations and increasingly disinclined toward the self-denial of Bolshevik dedication

By SourceL | 18/05/2020 |

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The “manifest” function of many voluntary associations in America is sociability and public service, the “latent” function to attach status indices to those permitted to belong to such associations.

By SourceL | 18/05/2020 |

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