The first 1,000 days of a child's life are an essential period for the proper development and construction of the child
One of the characteristics of the human species is its long childhood, carrying a prolonged dependency. The development of the human brain is complex and its weight increases from 400g at birth to 1,400g in adults. But the most spectacular growth takes place during the end of pregnancy and the first two years of life. In this context, the role of the parents through the primary education they provide and the environment they create around their baby is crucial.
Since the end of pregnancy, children learn the characteristics of their environment and culture through structured brain networks. The fetuses perceive the flavors of the amniotic fluid whose taste varies according to the mother's diet, they learn to recognize the melody of the mother tongue as well as the voice of their mother and very quickly after birth that of their father. Learning, some of which begins in utero, concerns all aspects of cognition: language of course, but also the physics of objects, number, geometry, navigation in space, as well as reflexive cognition such as awareness of the world, knowledge of oneself and of others.
These social skills become more complex much more quickly than previously thought: by 7 months, they are sensitive to group conformity and helping others in the same group.20 By 18 months, children can help in an effective and altruistic way. Young children are therefore quickly actors in the social world, particularly motivated to participate. They formulate inventive messages to adults: vocal sounds followed by words and phrases, facial expressions and gestures related to their experiences. Awareness of oneself and one's own state of knowledge also develops during the first 12-15 months. These reflective skills are essential for exploring the world safely by knowing when to ask for help.
Research has therefore shown that learning during the first 1000 days goes far beyond what was thought possible 30 years ago. Although not very visible to parents because the baby cannot yet show his desires and willingness, these learnings are multiple and complex. This curiosity for the world, typical of small humans, must be supported by exchanges with parents and other adults.
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