The happy man is the one who finds happiness in pain and effort.
Note that pleasures have little effect on us if we do not prepare to taste them. Even the pleasures of the table, which owe little to the mind, must nevertheless be given benevolent attention. Even more obviously, when it comes to the pleasures of the mind, one must want to conquer them, and it would be vain to wait for them. No one will say to the game of chess: " Have fun with it." It is by a continuous, exercised, trained will, that one pleases the mind. Even playing cards requires the desire to enjoy them. In a way, one could say that nothing in the world pleases oneself. It takes a lot of effort to enjoy geometry, drawing and music. And this connection between pain and pleasure is clearly seen in violent games. It is strange that runners, wrestlers and boxers find pleasure in all the pain they put themselves through; and yet this is beyond doubt. If one reflects enough on this paradox of man, one will in no way picture the happy man as the one to whom all happiness is brought; but on the contrary one will think him standing, in action and conquest, and making happy an exercised power.
Yet, certainly, the wise learn many things from their enemies; for caution preserves all things. From a friend you could not learn this, but your foe immediately obliges you to learn it. For example, the states have learned from enemies, and not from friends, to build lofty walls, and to possess ships of war. And this lesson preserves children, house, and possessions.
The present theory then must be considered to be a suggested program or framework for future research and must stand ...
It’s saying no.
That’s your first hint that something’s alive. It says no. That’s how you know a baby is starting to turn into a person. They run around saying no all day, throwing their aliveness at everything to see what it’ll stick to. You can’t say no if you don’t have desires and opinions and wants of your own. You wouldn’t even want to.
No is the heart of thinking.