[the hero’s journey / monomyth] The most popular stories, over time and across cultures, share a specific formula
There are twelve steps to the hero's journey, and each step falls into one of three stages.As the Hero traverses the world, they'll undergo inner and outer transformation at each stage of the journey.
- The Ordinary World: the hero is seen in their everyday life
- The Call to Adventure: the initiating incident of the story
- Refusal of the Call: the hero experiences some hesitation to answer the call
- Meeting with the Mentor: the hero gains the supplies, knowledge, and confidence needed to commence the adventure
- Crossing the First Threshold: the hero commits wholeheartedly to the adventure
- Tests, Allies, and Enemies: the hero explores the special world, faces trial, and makes friends and enemies
- Approach to the Innermost Cave: the hero nears the center of the story and the special world
- The Ordeal: the hero faces the greatest challenge yet and experiences death and rebirth
- Reward: the hero experiences the consequences of surviving death
- The Road Back: the hero returns to the ordinary world or continues to an ultimate destination
- The Resurrection: the hero experiences a final moment of death and rebirth so they are pure when they reenter the ordinary world
- Return with the Elixir: the hero returns with something to improve the ordinary world
Source : The Writer's Journey: Mythic Structure for Writers, Wikipedia
Star wars IV - A new hope
Luke Skywalker lives a normal and humble life as a farmer on his home planet (the ordinary world), Tatooine. When Obi Wan Kenobi asks him to accompany him (the call of adventure & meeting the mentor), he initially refuses to abandon his aunt and uncle behind (refusal of the call) before he finally commits to go with him to Alderaan. On the way he meets Han SolO and Chewbacca and takes along his R2-D2 and C-3PO droids (tests, allies and enemies). He discovers the intergalactic journey of the Millennium Falcon (approaching the inner cave) and will be devastated when Obi Wan Kenobi sacrifices himself to Darth Vader on the Death Star (the ordeal). Kenobi's death is not a vain one: Luke will have brought back to the resistance (the return) with him the plans of the Death Star and saved Princess Leia (the reward). Luke and the rebels then prepare a plan of attack (the resurrection) and blow up the Death Star. Luke and Han return to the Rebellion base, triumphant, as they receive award medals for their bravery. Peace reigns throughout the galaxy - at least for now.
[...] the act of reading is a secret, and sometimes fertile, ceremony of communion. Anyone who reads something that is really worth the trouble does not read with impunity. Reading one of those books that breathe when you put them to your ear does not leave you untouched: it changes you, even if only a little bit, it integrates something into you, something that you did not know or had not imagined, and it invites you to seek, to ask questions. And more still: sometimes it can even help you to discover the true meaning of words betrayed by the dictionary of our times. What more could a critical consciousness want?
Source : Past, Present, and Future: Interview with Eduardo Galeano, December 25, 2008, mronline
One piece of information followed by a denial, that's two pieces of information.
The only morality of the algorithm is to optimise you as a consumer and in many cases you become the product. There are very few examples in human history of industries where people themselves become products and those are scary industries – slavery and the sex trade. And now we have social media.