|
4 minutes de lecture

Society does not need all those words

Society does not need all those words Society does not need all those words
Source: 'City of Words', lithograph by Vito Acconci, 1999
1984
Du livre
1984
Taille de la police
A
12 24 17
A

“Just the man I was looking for”, said a voice at Winston’s back.

He turned round. It was his friend Syme, who worked in the Research Department. Perhaps ‘friend’ was not exactly the right word. You did not have friends nowadays, you had comrades: but there were some comrades whose society was pleasanter than that of others. Syme was a philologist, a specialist in Newspeak. Indeed, he was one of the enormous team of experts now engaged in compiling the Eleventh Edition of the Newspeak Dictionary. […]

“How is the Dictionary getting on?” said Winston, raising his voice to overcome the noise.

“Slowly,” said Syme. “I’m on the adjectives. It’s fascinating.” […] “The Eleventh Edition is the definitive edition,” he said. “We’re getting the language into its final shape – the shape it’s going to have when nobody speaks anything else. When we’ve finished with it, people like you will have to learn it all over again. You think, I dare say, that our chief job is inventing new words. But not a bit of it! We’re destroying words – scores of them, hundreds of them, every day. We’re cutting the language down to the bone. The Eleventh Edition won’t contain a single word that will become obsolete before the year 2050.” […]

“It’s a beautiful thing, the destruction of words. Of course the great wastage is in the verbs and adjectives, but there are hundreds of nouns that can be got rid of as well. It isn’t only synonyms; there are also the anotnyms. After all, what justification is there for a word which is simply the opposite of some other word? A word contains its opposite in itself. Take ‘good’ for instance. If you have a word like ‘good’, what need is there for a word like ‘bad’? ‘Ungood’ will do just as well – better, because it’s an exact opposite, which the other is not. Or again, if you want a stronger version of ‘good’, what sense is there in having a whole string of vague useless words like ‘excellent’ and ‘splendid’ and all the rest of them? ‘Plusgood’ covers the meaning, or ‘doubleplusgood’ if you want something stronger still. Of course, we use those forms already but in the final version of Newspeak there’ll be nothing else. In the end the whole notion of goodness and badness will be covered by only six words – in reality, only one word. Don’t you see the beauty of that, Winston? It was B. B.’s idea originally, of course,” he added as an afterthought.

A sort of vapid eagerness flitted across Winston’s face at the mention of Big Brother. Nevertheless, Syme immediately detected a certain lack of enthusiasm.

“You haven’t a real appreciation of Newspeak, Winston,” he said almost sadly. “Even when you write it, you’re still thinking in Oldspeak. I’ve read some of those pieces that you write in The Times occasionally. They’re good enough, but they’re translations. In your ear you’d prefer to stick to Oldspeak, with all its vagueness and its useless shades of meaning. You don’t grasp the beauty of the destruction of words. Do you know that Newspeak is the only language in the world whose vocabulary gets smaller every year?”

Winston did know that, of course. He smiled, sympathetically he hoped, not trusting himself to speak. Syme bit off another fragment of dark-colored bread, chewed it briefly, and went on:

“Don’t you see that the whole aim of Newspeak is to narrow the range of thought? In the end we shall make thoughtcrime literally impossible because there will be no words in which to express it. Every concept that can ever be needed, will be expressed by exactly one word, with its meaning rigidly defined and all its subsidiary meanings rubbed out and forgotten. Already, in the Eleventh Edition, we’re not far from that point. But the process will still be continuing long after you and I are dead. Every year fewer and fewer words, and the range of consciousness always a little smaller. Even now, of course, there’s no reason or excuse for committing thoughtcrime. It’s merely a question of self-discipline, reality-control. But in the end, there won’t be any need even for that. The Revolution will be complete when the language is perfect. Newspeak is Ingsoc (E.D. A Newspeak word meaning English Socialism, the Party’s political creed. r.) and Ingsoc is Newspeak,” he added with a sort of mystical satisfaction. “Has it ever occurred to you, Winston, that by the year 2050, at the very latest, not a single human being will be alive who could understand such a conversation as we are having now?” […]

“By 2050 earlier, probably – all real knowledge of Oldspeak will have disappeared. The whole literature of the past will have been destroyed. Chaucer, Shakespeare, Milton, Byron – they’ll exist only in Newspeak versions, not merely changed into something different, but actually changed into something contradictory of what they used to be. Even the literature of the Party will change. Even the slogans will change. How could you have a slogan like “freedom is slavery” when the concept of freedom has been abolished? The whole climate of thought will be different. In fact, there will be no thought, as we understand it now. Orthodxy means not a thing – not needing to think. Orthodoxy is unconsciousness.”

One of these days, thought Winston with sudden deep conviction, Syme will be vaporized. He is too intelligent. He sees too clearly and speaks too plainly. The Party does not like such people. One day he will disappear. It is written in his face.

Les commentaires sont de courts ajouts utilisés pour fournir une observation ou un retour. Ils sont intentionnellement limités en taille et en format.


Vous devez renseigner ce champ

Votre exemple


Vous devez renseigner ce champ
Articles similaires
Catégorie:
Fiction
1 minute de lecture

Le silence de la bibliothèque était absolu, à l'exception du bruit de ses chaussures lorsqu'il marchait dans le couloir du ...

| Approuvé
Catégorie:
Fiction
Le temps est comme un baiser Le temps est comme un baiser
Ron Hicks - Impulsive (1966)

Le temps, je pense, c'est comme s'éloigner à reculons de quelque chose : disons, d'un baiser. Il y a d'abord le baiser ; puis vous reculez, et les yeux remplissent votre vision, puis les yeux sont encadrés dans le visage au fur et à mesure que vous vous éloignez ; le visage fait alors partie d'un corps, puis le corps est encadré dans une porte, puis la porte est encadrée dans les arbres à côté. Le chemin s'allonge et la porte se rétrécit, les arbres remplissent votre vue et la porte est perdue, puis le chemin se perd dans les bois et les bois se perdent dans les collines. Pourtant, quelque part au centre, il y a toujours le baiser. C'est à cela que ressemble le temps.

| Approuvé
Catégorie:
Fiction
[technique du cercle d'histoires] Les films et les émissions de télévision sont basés sur un processus de narration circulaire en huit étapes visant à produire des histoires cohérentes [technique du cercle d'histoires] Les films et les émissions de télévision sont basés sur un processus de narration circulaire en huit étapes visant à produire des histoires cohérentes
Rachid Loft via machodominante (rogné)

Dan Harmon a inventé un cadre de narration appelé "Story Circle". Il s'agit de codifier le processus de narration - pour trouver la structure qui alimente les films et les émissions de télévision.

[...] Le cercle est divisé en huit segments, chacun représentant une étape de l'intrigue [...] Les étapes sont les suivantes :

  1. Un personnage se trouve dans une zone de confort ou de familiarité.
  2. Il désire quelque chose.
  3. Il entre dans une situation inconnue.
  4. Il s'adapte à cette situation.
  5. Ils obtiennent ce qu'ils voulaient.
  6. Ils paient un lourd tribut pour cela.
  7. Ils retournent à leur situation familière.
  8. Ils ont changé à la suite du voyage.
| Approuvé
Catégorie:
Fiction
Survivre à une attaque de zombies consiste en 10 leçons élémentaires
Survivre à une attaque de zombies consiste en 10 leçons élémentaires
GIF
Resident Evil: Vendetta via Giphy

Les 10 meilleures leçons pour survivre à une attaque de zombies

1. Organisez-vous avant qu'ils ne se lèvent !
2. Ils n'ont pas peur, pourquoi devriez-vous avoir peur ?
3. Utilisez votre tête : coupez la leur.
4. Les lames n'ont pas besoin d'être rechargées.
5. Protection idéale = vêtements serrés, cheveux courts.
6. Montez l'escalier, puis détruisez-le.
7. Sortir de la voiture, monter sur le vélo.
8. Continuez à avancer, restez bas, restez silencieux, restez vigilants !
9. Aucun endroit n'est sûr, seulement plus sûr.
10. Le zombie est peut-être parti, mais la menace continue.

| Approuvé
Catégorie:
Fiction
Chaque instant est un saut en avant au bord d'une falaise invisible Chaque instant est un saut en avant au bord d'une falaise invisible
Alex Rommel via Artstation

Chaque instant est un saut en avant au bord d'une falaise invisible, où les arêtes vives du temps se renouvellent sans cesse. Nous levons le pied de la terre ferme de toute notre vie vécue jusqu'ici et faisons ce pas périlleux dans le vide. Non pas parce que nous pouvons prétendre à un courage particulier, mais parce qu'il n'y a pas d'autre moyen.

| Approuvé
Row:Column:
×
Row:Column:
×